Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050

作者:Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan 2015-05-19 10:59 来源:《创新2050:科学技术与中国的未来》丛书英文版
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本书是中国科学院“中国至2050年重要领域科技发展路线图战略研究”系列研究课题的成果之一。根据先进材料领域国内外发展态势,分12个方向进行专题研究,包括金属材料、陶瓷材料、高分子材料、复合材料、能源材料、生物材料、信息材料、建筑材料、碳材料、环境友好材料、材料表面工程、材料分析评价技术。本书探讨了材料科学与工程在人类发展进程中的作用、地位和发展前景,我国对材料的重大需求以及近、中、远期的变化,未来材料科技的发展趋势、研究内涵及影响因素等,重点阐述了我国先进材料领域至2050年的发展战略目标与发展路线图。 本书有助于广大科技工作者、高校学生和社会公众了解先进材料领域的发展现状、趋势和未来发展路线,同时也可为相关决策和管理部门提供决策及规划的参考依据。 As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresseslong-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of public health. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, thegeneral and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the developmentof science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on themodernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution,and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based onthe detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in Chinas modernization, the reportsdraw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic developmentwith the support of science and technology, work out Chinas S&T roadmaps for the relevanteight basic and strategic systems in line with Chinas reality, further detail S&T initiativesof strategic importance to China’modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers withcomprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent withChinas reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers,government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, theplanning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation’s highest academicinstitution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic andtechnological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resourcesand ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultationsfor government’s decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regardto key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personneltraining, and to promote China’s high-tech enterprises through its active engagement inthese areas.


1 An Overview on Material Science and Engineering
1.1 Materials Classification
1.2 Basic Notions and Elements in Material Science and Engineering
1.3 The Roles of Materials Technology in Human Society
1.4 Milestones in MSE Development
2 Analysis and Exposition Regarding Advanced Materials in the National Program
3 The Status Quo of Material Science in China
3.1 Basic Domestic Situation
3.2 Development Status of Some Kinds of Materials
4 Demands Analysis of China's Economic and Social Development on Advanced Materials
4.1 Forecast of the Basic Trends in China's Social and Economic Development
4.2 The Overall Demand for Materials
4.3 The Demand Analysis and Development Status of Advanced Materials in Some Key Areas
5 Development Targets and Possible Breakthroughs from Now to 2050
5.1 Developing Trends Concerning Demands on Advanced Materials
5.2 Developing Trends Concerning Advanced Materials
5.3 The Development of Content of Materials Research
5.4 Core Technology Problems
5.5 Overall Development Goals of Advanced Materials in China
5.6 Emphasized Development Goals and Breakthroughs of Key Technologies
6 Roadmap of Development
7 Policy Suggestions