Energy Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050

作者:Yong Chen 2015-05-19 10:59 来源:《创新2050:科学技术与中国的未来》丛书英文版
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本报告针对中国能源重大需求,在充分把握能源科技特点、世界能源科技发展态势和前沿的基础上,凝练出了10个旨在引领中国能源科技创新发展、造就新型能源工业、满足社会经济发展需求的重要能源技术方向,包括高效非化石燃料地面交通技术、煤炭的洁净和高附加值利用技术、电网安全稳定技术、生物质液体燃料和原材料技术、可再生能源规模化发电技术、深层地热工程化技术、氢能利用技术、天然气水合物开发与利用技术、新型核电与核废料处理技术、具有潜在发展前景的能源技术;绘制了10个重要能源技术发展方向的路线图和中国至2051年能源科技发展路线图。 As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of energy science. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China’s modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out Chinas S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with Chinas reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to Chinas modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with Chinas reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation’s highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government’s decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China’s high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.


1 Research Framework on Energy Science & Technology Roadmap
1.1 Basic Framework of Energy Roadmap
1.2 Basic Principles and Preparation Process of the Energy Roadmap
2 Trend and Key Issues of China’s Energy Development to 2050
2.1 China’s Modernization and Energy Development
2.2 Development Trend of China’s Energy Demand to 2050
2.3 Key Issues Concerning about Chinese Energy Development to 2050
3 Important Science & Technology Issues and Technical Direction of China’s Energy Development to 2050
3.1 Important Science & Technology Issues of China's Energy Development
3.2 The Key Technological Directions of China’s Energy Development
4 Roadmap of China’s Important Energy Technology Development to 2050
4.1 The Highly-efficient Non-fossil-fuel Ground Transportation Technology
4.2 The Clean and High-added-value Coal Utilization Technology
4.3 The Power System Security and Stability Technology
4.4 The Biomass Liquid Fuel and Raw Material Technology
4.5 Large-scale Power Generation Technology from Renewable Energy Resources
4.6 Enhanced Geothermal Systems Technology for Deep Geothermal Resources
4.7 Hydrogen Utilization Technology
4.8 Natural Gas Hydrate (NGH) Development and Utilization Technology
4.9 The New Nuclear Power and Nuclear Waste Treatment Technology
4.10 The Potential Energy Technology
5 General Deployment of Innovative Energy Science & Technology in China to 2050
5.1 General Deployment of China’s Innovative Energy Science & Technology
5.2 Time Sequence of Energy Technology Application in China
6 Support System of China’s Energy Science & Technology Roadmap to 2050